What cereals can or can not be given to dogs

The domestic dog is a predator, despite this, in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle, in addition to animal proteins, it needs to receive a small amount of fat from food, as well as fiber and carbohydrates.

But the carbohydrates in a balanced, wholesome diet must be correct. So refined, for example, in the composition of bread, can lead to digestive problems in the animal – increased gas production and constipation.


Replenishing the need for carbohydrates is nutritious – “slow” – carbohydrates, which are able to saturate and become a source of energy.

Content:

  • The value of cereals in the diet of dogs
  • What cereals are not desirable
    • Millet
    • Semolina
    • Pearl barley
    • Corn
  • What cereals are preferred
    • Buckwheat
    • Rice
    • Oatmeal
    • Wheat
    • Barley
  • Recommendations and norms of feeding cereals
  • Tips for feeding your dog porridge
  • Porridge recipes for dogs

The value of cereals in the diet of dogs

Some dog breeders categorically do not accept cereals in the natural menu of their pets. They substantiate their opinion by the fact that porridge made from thermally processed cereals is not natural food for the predatory ancestors of the dog.

However, eating small rodents in the wild, the predator also feeds on the contents of their stomach – spikelets and grains. In domesticated animals living in the apartment, the diet has undergone significant changes.

Important! If the owner prefers the method of feeding the pet with natural food, it is cereal cereals in the dog’s menu that will be a source of useful carbohydrates and an important component of a balanced diet.

Cereals are a source of vitamins, useful macro- and microelements, as well as fiber, which has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the digestive system. A variety of cereal varieties can put the owner in front of a difficult choice – which of them is preferable to use, and which should not be included in the diet of a four-legged pet?

What cereals are not desirable in the diet of dogs

Millet

Structure Properties
Vegetable proteins and fats
Starch
Vitamins:

  • A
  • Groups B
  • PP

Minerals:

  • copper
  • calcium
  • magnesium
Poorly absorbed by the dog’s body

Can provoke volvulus

Represents crushed or polished millet seeds.


Semolina

It is a crushed wheat grain with very small particles – no more than 0.5 mm.

Structure Properties
Starch

Pure carbohydrate – contains a small amount of useful minerals and vitamins

Contains no nutritional value

Eating threatens the appearance of excess weight

Important! Can be used as complementary food for premature puppies with low birth weight or for animals with digestive problems.

Pearl barley

It represents barley grains that have undergone preliminary processing: the top layer is removed from the grains, ground and polished.

Structure Properties
High amounts of protein and fiber
Vitamins:

  • group B
  • E
  • PP

Minerals:

  • potassium
  • phosphorus
  • magnesium
  • selenium
  • iron
  • copper
  • chromium
  • zinc
Despite the rich vitamin and mineral composition, it is poorly absorbed by the body of dogs

May cause allergic reactions and digestive problems


Corn

It is made from the kernels of corn cobs. Groats consist of polished grain kernels; during processing, the bran shell and embryos are separated. Corn grits are one of the champions in starch content after rice grits.

Structure Properties
Vitamins:

  • A
  • group B
  • E
  • PP

Minerals:

  • magnesium
  • phosphorus
  • iron
  • copper
  • selenium
  • zinc
  • chromium
Despite the rich vitamin and mineral composition, it is poorly digested and not absorbed by the dog’s body

Important! Porridge from other legumes – beans, peas – are also contraindicated in dogs. There are no enzymes in their bodies that can help digest such food. The use threatens with increased gas production, constipation, colic.

What cereals are best for dogs

cereals for dogs

Buckwheat

Differs in the most optimal combination of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. A large amount of protein, comparable to meat, contributes to quick satiety.

Structure Properties
Vitamins:

  • A
  • group B
  • E
  • K
  • PP

Minerals:

  • calcium
  • magnesium
  • potassium
  • phosphorus
  • iron
  • copper
  • zinc

Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Flavonoids, organic acids

Retains useful properties even after heat treatment

Has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart and blood vessels

Improves Thyroid Function

Strengthens bones

Boosts metabolism

Useful for overweight

Cooking tips:

Soak, remove the husk. It is better to cook buckwheat until crumbly. The optimal combination is buckwheat porridge and vegetables.


Rice

Nutritious and healthy cereals that can saturate the body with carbohydrates, proteins and dietary fiber.

Structure Properties
Vitamins:

  • group B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • PP

Minerals:

  • potassium
  • magnesium
  • phosphorus
  • copper
  • selenium
Has absorbing properties, removes toxins from the body

Useful for dieting after food poisoning and exacerbation of allergic reactions

Can lead to constipation in large quantities

Cooking tips:

It is worth giving preference to unpolished rice varieties – the shell contains the bulk of useful substances. To make the porridge more crumbly, add 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil before the water boils. After all the water has boiled away, let the porridge brew for about 30 minutes under a closed lid.

Important! Rice groats are contraindicated in animals suffering from obesity and diabetes.

Oatmeal

It is a whole grain of oats, pre-steamed and dried. In the bran shell and the germ of the grain, the highest concentration of nutrients.

Structure Properties
Vegetable protein
Alimentary fiber
Starch
Vitamins:

  • group B
  • E
  • PP
  • biotin

Minerals:

  • potassium
  • calcium
  • magnesium
  • iron
  • copper
  • selenium
  • zinc
Great source of “slow” carbohydrates

It has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the digestive system

Cooking tips:

It is worth giving preference not to cereals, but to whole grains – the content of useful components in them is higher. To preserve all the useful properties, it is better not to boil the cereals, but to boil them for a few minutes in boiling water.

Important! Oatmeal can cause allergies in some dogs. Do not overuse oatmeal. It is good as a kind of mineral supplement to the diet.


Wheat

It is ground wheat of durum varieties. Rich in vitamins and minerals. Coarse dietary fiber stimulates intestinal motility, gently cleansing the body.

Structure Properties
Indigestible dietary fiber
Vitamins:

  • A
  • group B
  • E
  • PP

Minerals:

  • potassium
  • calcium
  • magnesium
  • phosphorus
  • iron
  • copper
  • selenium
  • zinc
Not being fully digested is a kind of “brush” for the digestive tract

Cooking tips:

It is good to combine wheat porridge with vegetables so that the fiber prevents the development of constipation.

Important! Wheat cereal porridges are contraindicated for overweight and obese animals, diabetics, and a sedentary lifestyle.


Barley

It is made from barley without grinding and polishing the grains. For this reason, it retains a very large amount of fiber, vitamins and minerals.

Structure Properties
Vitamins:

  • group B
  • E
  • K
  • PP

Minerals:

  • magnesium
  • phosphorus
  • cobalt
  • copper
  • molybdenum
  • selenium
Contains trace elements that the dog’s body is practically unable to assimilate: chromium, silicon, fluoride

Not suitable for daily feeding

Cooking tips:

It is good to mix barley groats with others. For example, combine with buckwheat or rice.

Recommendations and norms for feeding a dog with cereals

feeding the dog with porridge

Feeding the dog with natural food is a big responsibility for the owner. Indeed, in order to establish a well-balanced and healthy diet, many factors have to be taken into account:

  • breed and weight of the dog;
  • her age and gender;
  • features of her lifestyle and health status;
  • individual preferences.

It is necessary to know the recommended norms for the daily volume of natural food, to adhere to the optimal ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the composition of the feed.

Important! The general recommendations of experts state that the norm of croup in a dog’s diet is no more than 15% of the total daily food volume.

Pay attention to our article: How and how to properly feed your dog with natural food


Tips for feeding your dog porridge

  1. The most useful and preferred cereals for dogs of both large and small breeds are buckwheat and rice. It must be remembered that the smaller the dog, the more difficult it is to find a balanced diet of natural food for it.
  2. Any porridge offered to the dog should be crumbly. The sticky consistency is difficult to digest, disrupting digestion
  3. Do not cook porridge in meat broth – the protein concentration is too high in it. The meat is added to the porridge after the product is ready and immediately before feeding. The best option is cereals cooked in water, with the addition of meat or vegetables and a teaspoon of vegetable oil
  4. Vegetables that will serve as good vitamin supplements for porridge: cabbage, carrots, zucchini, bell peppers, pumpkin, cucumber. Onions and garlic should be avoided
  5. You should also not add salt and other spices to the porridge – they can negatively affect the health of a four-legged pet.
  6. Variety in cereals is good, but don’t change your diet too part. It is fraught with digestive upset.

Important! It is worth remembering that individual intolerance to any kind of cereal is not excluded. You should monitor the health of the pet, monitor for possible manifestations of allergic reactions

Pay attention to our article: Converting a dog from dry food to natural food. Veterinarian advice


Healthy recipes

Porridge with rice and chicken

1. In separate saucepans, boil rice groats and chicken meat until cooked
2. Separate the meat from the bones
3. Grate carrots
4. Mix cereals, meat, carrots, add vegetable oil

Porridge with offal and vegetables

1. Boil until cooked buckwheat and rice groats in equal proportions
2. Boil meat or offal in a separate saucepan for 20 minutes
3. Drain the meat broth
4. Vegetables – carrots, zucchini, bell peppers – chop, add to the broth, cook for another 20 minutes
5. Stir cereals with meat and vegetables, add vegetable oil

A varied diet is not so much important for a dog as a wholesome and well-balanced diet. Subject to the recommended feeding norms, cereals, as a source of complex carbohydrates, will saturate the dog and become a nutritious source of energy.

Read also:  We transfer the dog from natural feeding to dry food. Veterinarian advice

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