Wolfdog – not quite the official name of an unusual breed of dog. Not quite official, because, strictly speaking, this breed has not yet been recognized in any international organization, and even in the Russian Federation of Dogs. Why is this breed so unusual?
Even from the name it is clear that the wolfdog is a mixture of a dog and a wolf. That is, it is not that once the ancestors in the form of wolves and German shepherds mated together, and until today the resulting dogs mated with each other. Not. In fact, each new individual, ideally, should come from mating between a dog and a wolf, although there are individuals that, even in the 3rd generation, showed superiority in the main properties (scent, intelligence, endurance, etc.) over ordinary dogs.
Accordingly, you can imagine what qualities the purebred wolfdog carries in the first generation. In fact, the idea is not new – in past centuries, and now there are similar breeds in other parts of the world. Volkosob is the Russian name for Russian dog / wolf hybrids, but the Czechoslovakian wolfdog and the Saarloos wolfdog are also known. Both, by the way, from crossing the German Shepherd with wolves.
In general, positive results of such experiments are rare, since only about 5% of hybrids can be tamed by humans – the remaining 95% are wild, aggressive and may have developmental abnormalities. The wolf dog, as a breed that has not yet been fully designated officially, which means that it does not have an official standard, can boast of crosses not only with a German shepherd dog, but also with Siberian huskies, huskies and Alaskan malamutes.
The Volkosob breed was created for military purposes, at the Institute of Internal Troops of the city of Perm. They got their first offspring in 2000 from the she-wolf Naida, who was raised by a hunter from an early age, and a German shepherd named Baron. For some time, the existence of these dogs was not advertised, and they were used purely in various branches of the military. However, around 2003, ordinary civilians became aware of them. In places where great endurance and excellent instincts of a wolf are required, the demand for wolf dogs is very high.
The wolfdog has a much more highly developed flair than the ordinary German shepherd, albeit very capable. According to the studies carried out, the wolfdog finds a person in a confined space about 50 times faster than the same German shepherd. Their scent is 6 times stronger. At the moment, the state project for the study, creation and population of wolf and dog hybrids in Russia is closed.
The wolfdog breed is large animals, weighing 40-50 kg, with a lean, but muscular and very strong body. In fact, they look very much like wolves outwardly – the ears are erect, the muzzle is elongated, the limbs are slightly longer than average, the look is piercing and very intelligent. The tail is of medium length and fluffy. The color can be black or gray.
To say that a wolfdog is smart is to say nothing. Their intelligence is different from that of ordinary dogs. That if we were talking about a person, one could say that he more deeply understands the world around him, and in general is a deeper person compared to the rest. Many who have had experience working with a wolfdog note that the dog seems to draw its own conclusions, gain experience, has an excellent memory, is remarkably oriented on the terrain, understands a person perfectly, although sometimes it tries to convince him otherwise.
The latter, by the way, also requires cunning and intelligence. These animals are difficult to train, since they do not understand (in the internal sense) simple memorization of commands. This should be a deep interaction between the owner and the dog, when the dog goes towards and follows the owner’s command, so to speak, rather out of friendship than out of simple canine loyalty. Symbiosis of nature and man. Although, in this respect, the wolf dog will never let you down.
Another thing is that the owner must earn the respect of his dog. This breed can often simply ignore commands, or act in its own way. On the other hand, we can say that the wolf-dog considers the family or the owner as something like a pack, and seeks to occupy a dominant position in it. They are very loyal to their owner, love walks, they have a lot of energy – it is preferable to live with such a dog in a private sector.
Strangers are treated with caution, children are treated normally if they are children from their own family. If these are other people’s children, the attitude towards them is cool, but without aggression, the animal will rather simply leave (even if it is a 3-year-old toddler who will immediately try to stick a finger in the dog’s ear or mouth, which should not be done at all).
Other pets are not something that is perceived badly – they just do not perceive it. Basically. As a phenomenon. Although, there are cases of successful friendship with other dogs and even cats, but here it is necessary to clarify that the wolf breed has always been accustomed to this from childhood, and – without guarantees of success.
In battle, they go to the end, do not retreat in front of a superior enemy. They are not always suitable as a guard dog, as they do not tend to bark, but they like to howl. Especially – to the moon and some sounds, for example – the sound of an airplane taking off. They can tolerate lack of food and a cold climate, they adapt perfectly (but – just not to life on a chain), have excellent reactions. Very much in need of early socialization.
There is little information about the upbringing of dogs of the wolf breed, since there are few specialists, and even just individuals of these mestizos are rare. One thing is certain – it is useless to try to break them with the help of brute physical force, it is useless to try to simply dominate and resolve all issues by order. A more subtle approach is needed here, and you need to start from early childhood.
The Russian wolf-dog has a huge will, and it will not be possible to break it, and a developed intellect and natural animal instinct instantly recognizes a human falsehood. If you are a kind, patient, intelligent owner who sees your pet as a friend by default, you have a chance of success. Consider also that you are dealing with the first generation, or, for example, with the 3-4th, plays a huge role. The first generation is much more difficult to teach, since they have more wild blood, and therefore more natural wild instincts.
These dogs have been successfully used in border troops and anti-terrorist task forces, they can learn many commands, not counting the basic ones. They get used to new people quickly, survive the change of owner better than most dogs.
Their coat has an undercoat, and needs to be combed 1-2 times a week, and during shedding – if necessary. You also need to bathe 1-2 times a week or as needed (it is possible less often – hunters, leaving with them in the taiga, do not bathe them for weeks).
The wolf dog, like all dogs, needs to clean the ears and eyes at least several times a week, but the owner must do this. The nails are trimmed every 10 days on average.
This is a very healthy dog breed with excellent immunity. If you provide your dog with good care, proper maintenance, you will be able to keep it healthy until a ripe old age. And the wolfdog breed lives for a minute, sometimes even more than 20 years.